What is Addison’s Disease in Dogs?

What is Addison’s Disease?

Addison’s disease (also referred to as hypoadrenocorticism) is a disease caused by a reduction in corticosteroid secretion from the adrenal gland.

What are the Adrenal Glands?

The adrenal glands are located in the abdominal cavity medial to the cranial pole of each kidney. Like the kidneys, both adrenal glands are retroperitoreal (situated or occurring behind the peritoneum) in position, lying ventral to the psoas minor muscle.

Canine Adrenal Glands

The canine adrenal glands as visible in EasyAnatomy

 

The hormones produced by the adrenal glands include cortisol, a stress hormone, and aldosterone, a hormone that regulates the body’s levels of the minerals sodium and potassium.

What happens to a dog with Addison’s Disease?

The symptoms of Addison’s Disease are very vague and many dogs may have symptoms for a long time before it is actually diagnosed.

Common symptoms include:

  • Tiredness
  • Stomach problems
  • Muscle weakness

These symptoms often come and go, further complicating the diagnosis.

But what makes Addison’s Disease more concerning, is that it can suddenly change to much more serious symptoms, such as:

  • Sudden weakness,
  • Severe vomiting and diarrhea
  • Collapse

This is an “Addisonian crisis” and is considered a medical emergency (but so long as the dog is taken to a vet/hospital in a timely manner, it is completely treatable).

Where can I learn more about Addison’s Disease?

Check out this comprehensive guide to Addison’s Disease in Dogs. It includes tips, advice, and detailed information related to diagnosis, prevention, treatment, which breeds are most at-risk, and more.

Other than that, if you’re a pet owner talk to your vet, and if you’re a vet student talk to your professors and classmates!

 


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